A Field Guide to the Prairie

Fox Snake
Photo: Dr. Barney Oldfield
Fox Snake
Elaphe vulpina
Length: 91-137 cm (36-54 in.)
Habitat/Range: They are found throughout the north central United States. Fox snakes are associated with river bottom forests, pine barrens, and prairies.
Eating Habits: They eat mice, chipmunks, ground squirrels and other small mammals.

The fox snake is brownish with many large, reddish blotches along its back and along each side. Its belly is pale yellow with many brown rectangular blotches. It has a rounded head with no coloration.

It overwinters under rocks and in mammal burrows. If an intruder surprises it, it vibrates its tail and strikes from a coiled position.

On the Prairie Field Guide Index

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